Gynecology, Adolescent Gynecology

Gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina, and ovaries).  Its counterpart is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system.

Dr. Ricks has many years of experience evaluating, diagnosing and treating gynecological conditions for adults and adolescents including but not limited to the following:

  • Preventive health and guidance for teens and parents
  • Menstrual problems
    • Early or delayed puberty
    • Heavy bleeding
    • Frequent bleeding
    • Infrequent bleeding (oligomenorrhea)
    • Absent menstrual periods (amenorrhea)
    • Menstrual suppression in girls with developmental delay or complex medical problems
  • Genital (vulvar or vaginal) infection or pain
    • Vulvovaginitis – Inflammation of the vagina and/or vulva
    • Vaginitis
    • Lichen sclerosus
    • Bacterial vaginosis – A type of vaginal infection
    • Genital warts (condyloma) – Warts on the inside or outside areas of the genitals that may spread to the surrounding skin or to a sexual partner
    • Bartholin’s gland cysts – Fluid-filled lumps at the opening of the vagina
    • Vulvar rash
    • Vulvar lump or tumor
    • Vulvar vestibulitis – Inflammation of the opening to the vagina and surrounding tissues
    • Vulvar pain (vulvodynia)
  • Genital injuries
    • “Straddle” injuries
  • Abnormal Pap smear
    • Cervical dysplasia – Abnormal growth of cells on the surface of the cervix
    • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Ovarian cysts and masses
    • Pain
    • Rupture
    • Twisting (torsion)
  • Pelvic pain
    • Menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea)
    • Endometriosis – Tissue normally inside the uterus grows in other areas of the pelvis
    • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Genital anomalies
    • Absent vagina and/uterus
    • Imperforate hymen – No hymenal opening
    • Hymenal obstruction (bands, vaginal septum)
    • External genitalia malformations
  • Endocrine (hormonal) problems
    • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) – A hormonal disorder that can cause infertility
    • Excess facial and body hair (hirsutism)
    • Acne
  • Pregnancy-related problems
    • Tubal (ectopic) pregnancy
    • Unintended pregnancy
    • Miscarriage
  • Pregnancy prevention (contraception)
    • Birth control pills
    • Birth control patch (Evra)
    • Birth control vaginal ring (Nuvaring)
    • Birth control shot (Depo-Provera)
    • Birth control implant (Implanon)
    • Intrauterine device (IUD—Mirena and Paraguard)
    • Birth control for adolescents with complex medical problems
  • Breast problems
    • Asymmetry
    • Cysts, lumps
    • Breast discharge
  • Abnormal puberty
    • Precocious or delayed
  • Adolescent sexual health
    • STD prevention
    • STD evaluation and treatment
    • Pelvic infection (pelvic inflammatory disease—PID)

It is recommended that women begin scheduling regular check-ups at age 18. Annual Pap smears and clinical breast exams allow early diagnosis of disease and lead to improved outcomes.

Please contact Dr. Jon T. Ricks’ office to make an appointment.